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here are four types of sentences: declarative, interrogative,
imperative, and exclamatory.
A declarative sentences makes a statement. It says something about
a person, an animal, a place, or an object. It ends with a period.
Our neighbors are very friendly.
Phoenixville is a small town in Pennsylvania.
An interrogative sentence asks a question. It ends with
a question mark.
How do I get to the Colonial Theater?
Where is my notebook?
An imperative sentence asks you to do something. It makes
a command or request. It can end with an exclamation point.
You have to stay home today.
John, wait for me!
In some imperative sentences, the subject is understood.
Stop and look both ways before crossing the street.
Go to the library to look up information.
An exclamatory sentence indicates a strong
feeling, and it is said with emotion. It ends with
an exclamation point.
Hooray, the theater is saved!
The show must go on!
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I’m Thinking of …
Have students think of an object in the
classroom. Take turns around the room
having one student say
I’m thinking of an
object that is …
Students are to describe the
physical characteristics of the object without
revealing its name. Other students are to
guess the object.
identify what in their writing the questions are referring to. Whenever possible,
discuss with students each question and have them provide examples from their
own work. Be sure to emphasize the key vocabulary as you review the questions,
and check for understanding. Then, have students rewrite their editorial in cursive,
making sure that they have corrected their work as necessary, and prepare an oral
presentation with visuals, if possible.
Have students open their Practice Book to page 52. Read the directions aloud
and have students read along with you. Explain the directions and model the activity.
Then, have students complete the pages as independent class work or homework.
Write the Key Vocabulary on the board randomly for students to alphabetize.
Distribute Blackline Masters 2a and 2b. If necessary, review with students
how to fold the sheet to create a booklet. Provide more folded sheets if
necessary. Ask students to complete the first page by writing their names,
date, My Dictionary, and subject area. Have them write the words on the
remaining pages in a column. Next, ask students to use their own words to
write definitions for each word. Have them check their work by looking up
the correct definitions in their dictionaries. Explain that they should read their
definitions to their parents or guardians. Remind them to return their booklets
to school. Retain them for future use.
Practice Book (page 52)
Santillana Spotlight on English3© SantillanaUSA
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sentence makes a statement. It ends with a period.
sentence is used to ask a question.
If you wish to tell somebody what to do, you use an
sentence is used to express strong feelings. It should be said
You wish to express how happy you are, and loudly.
You need to tell your little brother to turn off the TV.
You want to tell your new friend where you live.
You want to know if you may borrow a sheet of paper.
Choose the correct word from the box to Þll in the blanks.
For each of the following sentences, write the kind of sentence you need to use in
the space provided.
Write four sentences, one of each kind.
Answers may vary.
For a more complete and detailed description of
these and other national and state standards as
they relate to this unit of
Spotlight on English
please visit our Web site atwww.santillanausa.com
Common Core State Standards
With guidance and support
from peers and adults, develop and strengthen
writing as needed by planning, revising, and
Write routinely over extended
time frames (time for research, reflection, and
revision) and shorter timeframes (a single sitting
or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific
tasks, purposes, and audiences.
Use knowledge of language
conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or
Choose words and phrases for